Cytokines are tiny proteins that play an important role in regulating the growth and activity of the immune system and blood cells. When they're released, they tell the immune system to get to work. All blood cells and other cells that aid the body's immunological and inflammatory responses are affected by cytokines.
Cytokines can affect their host cells, or in some cases, distant cells, neighboring cells. They are characterized by the important advantage that when measuring a single cytokine, an important aspect of reaction progression can be neglected.
In addition, normal cytokine cascades can be observed more easily when these protein groups are measured together, leading to a better understanding of the disease process and subsequent treatment. This is becoming increasingly desirable in laboratory medicine. For complete information on multiplex cytokines assay, you can browse the internet.
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The concept that a single molecule can have many different biological activities was initially viewed with skepticism, but the advent of molecular cloning of the cytokine cDNA and subsequent formulation of recombinant forms has been questioned.
With these tools, cytokine research has progressed rapidly, exposing them to multifunctional biologic agents in various human diseases.
Recombinant cytokines also provide antigen for antibody production, generating rapid antigen counts using ELISA or ELISA-based technologies such as biochip array technology.
Microbial disease stimulates the release of various cytokines that act by different mechanisms to resist invasion. At the same time, additional cytokines support dendritic cells in presenting antigens to microbes, leading to the production of neutralizing antibodies.